What is significant?
The potential archaeological remnants of Mr Smith's Sheep Station built circa 1836 and demolished circa 1843 beneath the ground surface of K.P Hardiman Reserve, adjacent to Winter Crescent, Kingsbury.
How is it significant?
The former Mr Smiths Sheep Station is of local historical and archaeological significance to Darebin City.
Why is it significant?
Historically, Mr Smiths Sheep Station is significant for its association with an early settler and pastoralist (being either James Smith or George Smith) who was one of only 900 people residing in Port Phillip District in 1837. James Smith built one of the first houses in the fledgling township of Melbourne in 1836 which is marked on the earliest paintings and plans of the settlement. His sheep station on the Darebin Creek could also have been one of the earliest buildings in the colony.
Archaeologically, Mr Smiths Sheep Station is significant for its potential to contain remains of buildings and occupation deposits associated with the site. It is also significant for the potential of those remains and deposits to yield information about the material culture of an early sheep station, about the early settlement of Port Phillip, and the economic and social import of sheep stations to the development of the City of Melbourne.
Furthermore, Mr Smiths Sheep station is significant as a rare example of this site type being one of only 2 potential archaeological sites dating to this early period of settlement in the City of Darebin, corresponding with the theme 'Peopling the Land'.
Levels of significance
The following levels of significance apply to this place:
The whole of the site extent within KP Hardiman Reserve as indicated in the plan