Statement of Significance
Paine's Cottage at 152-176 Chapmans Road is socially significant at the local level (AHC G1). It was identified as a place of heritage significance to the local community in a community forum held as part of this heritage study.Overall, Paine's Cottage at 152-176 Chapmans Road is of LOCAL heritage significance.
HO18 - Paine's Cottage - Physical Description 1
Physical Description -
Paine's Cottage at 152-176 Chapmans Road, Toolern Vale, has a rural setting with open grassed surroundings. Four mature Italian cypresses (Cupressus sempervirans var. stricta), estimated to be at least 90-100 years of age, are situated in front of the cottage, with other native and exotic trees in the distance.
The property appears to have been one of very few farms cleared from the forest on the west side of Chapmans Road. This is emphasised by the c.200 metres of a quite intact (with regard to posts only) remnant of a post & rail fence along the frontage of the property. The few courses of stone at its base appear to have been added after original construction, as they obscure the lower hole. The fence is charred in places.
The single storey, horizontal timber weatherboard, Victorian vernacular styled cottage is characterised by a simple steeply pitched roof form clad in unpainted galvanised corrugated steel. Narrow overhangs are features of the eaves. The elevated nature of the cottage suggests that it may have been relocated to this site, the possibility of which is reinforced by the random stone and brick chimneys that have been added at one side.
The front facade has a symmetrical composition defined by the early central timber framed doorway and the flanking timber framed windows. The steel security door and the timber shutters over the windows have been introduced. The side windows appear to have been altered and the rear skillion wing has been introduced. The interior has a simple four room arrangement, and is lined with unpainted lining boards.
At the rear of the cottage is an early timber outbuilding, possibly once a stable or milking shed. It is partly constructed of vertical split logs. It has been stabilised in recent times.
The property is also said to include an underground tank known as 'Paines Well', a natural stone lined well dating from c.1880s. The well is twenty feet in diameter and said to have been fed by a natural spring at the bottom. It was not sighted in this study.
HO18 - Paine's Cottage - Physical Conditions
Physical Condition - Fair-Good
HO18 - Paine's Cottage - Integrity
Integrity - Moderately intact/altered
HO18 - Paine's Cottage - Historical Australian Themes
Shire of Melton Historical Themes: 'Farming', 'Water and Fire'.
Heritage Study and Grading
Melton - Shire of Melton Heritage Study phase 2
Author: David Maloney, David Rowe, Pamela Jellie, Sera Jane Peters
HO18 - Paine's CottageMelton City
"AMF Officers" ShedMoorabool Shire
"AQUA PROFONDA" SIGN, FITZROY POOLVictorian Heritage Register H1687