The Berwick Township precinct, which includes the High Street precinct, Township Survey Residential precinct, Gloucester Avenue precinct, Manuka Road precinct, and the Berwick Gateway precincts.
How is it significant?
The Berwick Township precinct is of local historic, social and aesthetic significance to the City of Casey.
Why is it significant?
Historically and socially, Berwick township is significant for the following reasons:
- The High Street precinct is significant as the historic commercial and civic focus of Berwick. This section of street continues to function as the commercial centre and it is significant that built development has continued in the traditional linear arrangement of individual shops fronting the street. This shopping environment offers opportunity for specialised commercial services and community meeting places which are an important part of the continuing social value of the Berwick High Street area. It is significant as an example of an area within a surveyed township plan which historically evolved as the commercial focus due to its topography and proximity to the junction with main roads to Harkaway and Cranbourne.
- The Gloucester Avenue precinct is significant as an early residential area within the Berwick Township, which was not part of the original township survey, but which developed due to its opportune location, linking the town's main street to the railway. The residences to the west of Gloucester Avenue, on Reserve Street and Langmore Lane demonstrate the type of modest turn-of-the-century development which probably located here for reasons of access to the main street and railway.
- The Township Survey Residential precinct is significant as evidence of how the earliest residences of Berwick were located in relation to the original township survey. This area is closer to the main street commercial area and is important for its content of key community buildings, including three churches and the primary school.
Aesthetically, the Berwick Township precinct is significant for its historic cultural landscape character, which is derived from the natural topography, which has been enhanced by buildings and landscape that demonstrate the historic development of the area from soon after first settlement until the postwar period. Many streetscapes throughout the precinct are notable for their avenue character typical of desirable residential landscaping during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, which are complemented by many fine private gardens. The precinct also contains a number of significant civic, commercial and residential buildings, scattered throughout that include individual places and well as some key groups. All three approaches to the town are from a raised point, allowing views over the main street area, which retains its historic and picturesque character.
Specific elements within each sub-precinct include:
The High Street precinct, which comprises:
- The wide median strip containing mature exotic trees;
- The strip commercial development on both sides of the road creating a continuous wall of shop fronts on the southern side. Several significant buildings are located on the northern side;
- The corner landmark building, the Berwick Inn, marking the gateway to the township main street; and
- The cluster of institutional buildings, east of the Gloucester Avenue junction, which have historical importance as civic buildings.
The Gloucester Avenue precinct, which comprises:
- The strong avenue character of Gloucester Avenue with its eclectic mix of native and exotic plantings.
- The leafy streetscape of Langmore Lane east, and the east side of Gloucester Avenue, creating a secluded residential environment with a number of significant large residences.
- The open streetscape of Langmore Lane west, with its eclectic tree plantings and more modest turn-of-the-century and inter-war housing stock, creating a more suburban character. The uniform allotment sizes and low fencing contributes to the character of this section of the street, which developed in this area due to its proximity to the main street and railway station.
- The large Sugar Gum in the station carpark has local aesthetic significance and provides a landmark at the termination of Gloucester Avenue. The nearby Rusty Gum Myrtle at the corner of Reserve Street and Gloucester Avenue is also important.
The Township Survey Residential precinct, which comprises:
- The hilly topography, which is the historical rationale for the alignment of Peel Street, creating irregularly shaped residential blocks and visually interesting views along the streets.
- Established eclectic, exotic street tree plantings creating a strong avenue character in this area as compared to the eucalyptus plantings in the more recently developed residential area within the grid plan.
- The leafy exotic character of the garden plantings which compliment the avenue qualities of the streets, particularly the plantings in numbers 17 and 19-21 Scanlan Streets.
- The deep-set back of most houses in relation to the street boundary.
- The diversity of fence types with a predominance of low, visually unobtrusive fences, allowing views across property boundaries.
The Berwick Gateways precinct, which include three entrances from the west, north and east are significant features of the landscape, marking traditional points of entry into the town's main street. At the Princes Highway and High Street 'gateways', the plantings form landmarks, defining the area of more dense residential subdivision associated with the township area. Key elements include:
- The strong avenue character of the High Street entry (Poplar Avenue of Honour) with spectacular views to the edge of Berwick High Street commercial precinct from the hill east of the Berwick Boulevard.
- Landmark plantings of mature pines on the escarpment adjacent to Wilson Hill which signal the entry to the Berwick township area.
- The winding approach to the township from the north, along Harkaway Road and Lyall Road, lined in the northern sections by hawthorn hedges, and having a rural character without kerbs and guttering.
On this basis, the following places contribute to the significance of the Berwick Township precinct (*Denotes that the place has an individual citation in this Study):
- House, 15 Brisbane Street*
- Caseldene, 31 Brisbane Street*
- House, 64-66 Brisbane Street*
- House, 65-67 Brisbane Street*
- Mary Blackwood House, 76-80 Brisbane Street*
- Glenwood, 87 Brisbane Street
- Glenfalloch, 88-92 Brisbane Street*
- Berwick Grammar School Avenue of Honour, Church Street*
- Christ Church vicarage (Former), 1 Church Street*
- Clyde Cottage (Former), 11 Clyde Road*
- House, 6 Edwardes Street
- Carinya, 11 Edwardes Street
- Coronation tree, Gibb Street*
- River Red Gum, Gloucester Avenue
- Sugar Gum, Gloucester Avenue
- St Margaret's School complex, 27-47 Gloucester Avenue*
- Gloucester Cottage, 66 Gloucester Avenue*
- Berwick & Beaconsfield Avenue of Honour, High Street*
- Boulevard Reserve, High Street
- Mexican Cypress, High Street
- Red Cross Tree, High Street
- Deodar Cedar, High Street
- Port Jackson Fig, High Street
- Berwick Inn, 9 High Street*
- Mechanics' Institute, 15 High Street*
- Shops, 71-75 High Street*
- Paternoster's Store (Former), 81 High Street*
- Inveresk, 93 High Street*
- Post Office & Court House (Former), 102-104 High Street*
- St Andrews Uniting Church, 105 High Street*
- Rechabite Hall (Former), 106 High Street*
- Christians Meeting House (Former), 108 High Street*
- House, 123 High Street*
- St Michael's Church & School complex, 125-137 High Street*
- House, 139 High Street
- House, 175 High Street
- House, 187 High Street
- House, 191 High Street*
- House, 5 Langmore Lane
- House & garden, 9 Langmore Lane
- Doctor's surgery & residence, 26-30 Langmore Lane*