ST. MARGARET'S ANGLICAN 1) CHURCH, 2) FORMER VICARAGE (DENDY HOUSE), 3) ADOBE HALL AND 4) GROUNDS, ORIGINALLY CHRIST CHURCH, PITT ST, ELTHAM
79-83 PITT ST ELTHAM, NILLUMBIK SHIRE
Statement of Significance
REVISED STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE, CONTEXT, 2010
What is significant?
The 1860-61 church building, the c1869 additions and alterations, the stained glass and the pre-1950 fixed furnishings and the Dendy House (vicarage) the mature exotic site planting and the surrounding site to the title boundaries.
How is it significant?
The church and vikerage are historically, spiritually, architecturally, aesthetically and socially significant to the State of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
The church is historically significant because it is the oldest church in the former Shire of Eltham and has associations with the philanthropist and founder of Brighton, Henry Dendy (who donated the land on which the church is built), the architect Nathaniel Billing and the prominent local builder, George Stebbing (Criteria B & H). The church is architecturally and aesthetically significant because it is constructed in the Gothic Revival style with a number of stained glass windows of various dates. The overall design is well proportioned with the surface brick patterns relieving an otherwise austere design (Criterion F). The church is spiritually and socially significant because it has been an important place of worship for the people of Eltham for almost 150 years (Criterion G).
The Dendy House (vicarage) is historically and socially significant because it is connected to the church and the development of the Eltham area (Criteria A & G). Together, the church and the vicarage are aesthetically significant because they form a significant streetscape feature (Criterion E).
BICK STUDY, 1992
St. Margaret's is the oldest church in the Shire of Eltham, has historic associations with architect Nathaniel Billing and is also a very early use of polychromatic brickwork in Victoria. Billing was one of the first Melbourne architects to employ polychromatic brickwork and an important early architect. St. Margaret's also has historic associations with its prominent local builder George Stebbing. The original vicarage (Dendy House) at the rear of the church is also an important part of the cultural significance of this place.
BASIS OF SIGNIFICANCE:
ILLUSTRATION OF THE THEMES
DEGREE OF SIGNIFICANCE: CHURCH, DENDY HOUSE AND SITE STATE SIGNIFICANCE, MUD BRICK HALL LOCAL SIGNIFICANCE
EXTENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: ENTIRE CHURCH INCLUDING STAINED GLASS AND PRE 1950 FIXED FURNISHINGS, MATURE EXOTIC SITE PLANTING, DENDY HOUSE, HALL AND SITE.
ST. MARGARET'S ANGLICAN 1) CHURCH, 2) FORMER VICARAGE (DENDY HOUSE), 3) ADOBE HALL AND 4) GROUNDS, ORIGINALLY CHRIST CHURCH, PITT ST, ELTHAM - Historical Australian Themes
8.6.1 Worshipping together
8.6.2 Maintaining religious traditions and ceremonies
8.6.4 Making places for worship
8.10.4 Designing and building fine buildings
ST. MARGARET'S ANGLICAN 1) CHURCH, 2) FORMER VICARAGE (DENDY HOUSE), 3) ADOBE HALL AND 4) GROUNDS, ORIGINALLY CHRIST CHURCH, PITT ST, ELTHAM - Physical Description 1
Style Victorian Gothic-early English.
Design standard apart from belfry and side front door.
Walls solid face brick..
Roof gabled with no eaves, slate clad. Feature are the simple form; brickwork, belfry, windows, front door, window above the altar and the organ.
Design standard four room house.
Walls solid face brick.
Roof gabled, with eaves, slate clad.
Features are the facade with its two gables, the central lattice porch, face brick walls, simple design, chimneys and the very largely intact interiors.
Style Eltham Style.
Plan basically rectangular.
Walls timber post framed, solid mud brick cladding.
Roof pitched with verandahs or eaves.
Features are the design and construction.
ST. MARGARET'S ANGLICAN 1) CHURCH, 2) FORMER VICARAGE (DENDY HOUSE), 3) ADOBE HALL AND 4) GROUNDS, ORIGINALLY CHRIST CHURCH, PITT ST, ELTHAM - Usage/Former Usage
Original Use: Church of Englad, Church and Vicarage
Present Use: Anglican Church
Heritage Study and Grading
Nillumbik - Shire of Eltham Heritage Study
Author: David Bick
MONTSALVATVictorian Heritage Register H0716
ELTHAM COURT HOUSEVictorian Heritage Register H0784
FORMER POLICE QUARTERSVictorian Heritage Register H1539