The East Branch Chinese settlement is of historical importance for its association with the
large numbers of Chinese who immigrated to Australia during the 19th Century in search of gold. It is also important for its association with the events of the Buckland Riots of 1857.
The Chinese Camp Site has a high potential to reveal further artefacts that might contribute to a better understanding of this site and the Chinese culture on the goldfields.
Integrity of the overall site is fair to good, though mostly obscured by scrub; site has a high
potential to reveal further deposits, artefacts and features that might contribute to a better understanding of this site and the Chinese culture of the goldfields.
A large number of Chinese arrived in Harrietville in the days after the Buckland race riots on 4th July 1857. With sufficient gold in the area a small community of Chinese was formed. Chinese continued to live in the area in relatively large numbers into the late 1880s, then declining rapidly in number in the early 1900s. The East Branch settlement appears to have been one of the main areas of occupation by the Chinese at Harrietville. Numerous dwellings, possibly 19 buildings. Among the facilities were a large general kitchen with five fireplaces, large vegetable gardens, and a central water race that supplied water directly to both buildings and vegetable gardens.