Statement of Significance
The former shop and residence at 175 Stokes Street, Port Melbourne dates from 1863-64, when grocer Margaret Murray constructed a wooden shop of three rooms. The building gradually increased in size and by 1881 it comprised seven rooms. It is a two-storeyed, timber Victorian Free Classical style building, weatherboarded to the side and rear elevations. Built on the footpath line, the originally symmetrical double fronted front elevation has timber block fronting to resemble ashlar. The recessed central shop door is flanked by timber framed shop windows which retain 19th century sectional panelled shutters. Timber pilasters on each side of the shop windows support a plain entablature with moulded timber cornice at first floor level. There are two sash windows with single vertical glazing bar and moulded architraves to the upper level which are centred over the ground floor shop windows. The eaves to the hipped corrugated iron roof have paired timber brackets to the front.
How is it significant?
The former shop and residence is of architectural and historic significance to the state of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
The former shop and residence is architecturally and historically significant as a rare survivor of the once many timber-framed 19th century combined shops and residences built in Victoria. It is now one of only a few double-storey, timber-framed shops known to survive from this period in Victoria compared to the many extant 19th century brick shops. The exterior is remarkably intact and retains early fabric and 19th century window shutters with prices painted on the windows. The large shop interior retains some of its early details and shop fittings including counters and shelving.
FORMER SHOP & RESIDENCE - HistoryContextual History:
History of Place:
This former general store appears to date from as early as 1863-4, when grocer Margaret Murray constructed a wooden shop of three rooms. When the next owner Thomas McCann acquired the building in 1866 it had increased to four rooms. McCann increased the building to five rooms. By 1879-80 the building had been sold and was being rented by Benjamin Bellion, who along with his wife run a general store on the gold diggings near Castlemaine before retiring to Port Melbourne. The following year in 1880 Bellion purchased the building, when it was still described as a five roomed wood shop. The general store remained in the Bellion family for many years. Early in their ownership, in 1881, the building increased substantially in size to seven rooms. The exterior as it survives today is substantially as it was remodelled after the 1881 works. Some exterior works have been done by the current owner to the at the rear of the premises, a double door to the south-west elevation of the shop and conversion of the shedding on the north-west boundary to a retreat open to the garden. (Allom Lovell)
FORMER SHOP & RESIDENCE - Plaque Citation
This rare surviving example of an early two-storey timber shop and residence began in 1863-4 as a three room grocer shop, and has been extended over the years. It retains its early shop windows and some interior fittings.
FORMER SHOP & RESIDENCE - Assessment Against Criteria
The historical importance, association with or relationship to Victoria's history of the place or object.
The importance of a place or object in demonstrating rarity or uniqueness.
175 Stokes Street, Port Melbourne is a rare surviving relatively intact double-storey timber-framed nineteenth century shop/residence.
The place or object's potential to educate, illustrate or provide further scientific investigation in relation to Victoria's cultural heritage.
The importance of a place or object in exhibiting the principal characteristics or the representative nature of a place or object as part of a class or type of places or objects.
The building is typical of the many shops and residences built in the 19th century, although few timber buildings of this type survive.
The importance of the place or object in exhibiting good design or aesthetic characteristics and/or in exhibiting a richness, diversity or unusual integration of features.
The importance of the place or object in demonstrating or being associated with scientific or technical innovations or achievements.
The importance of the place or object in demonstrating social or cultural associations.
Any other matter which the Council considers relevant to the determination of cultural heritage significance
FORMER SHOP & RESIDENCE - Permit ExemptionsGeneral Conditions:
1. All exempted alterations are to be planned and carried out in a manner which prevents damage to the fabric of the registered place or object.
2. Should it become apparent during further inspection or the carrying out of alterations that original or previously hidden or inaccessible details of the place or object are revealed which relate to the significance of the place or object, then the exemption covering such alteration shall cease and the Executive Director shall be notified as soon as possible.
3. If there is a conservation policy and plan approved by the Executive Director, all works shall be in accordance with it.
4. Nothing in this declaration prevents the Executive Director from amending or rescinding all or any of the permit exemptions.
Nothing in this declaration exempts owners or their agents from the responsibility to seek relevant planning or building permits from the responsible authority where applicable.
* Minor repairs and maintenance which replace like with like.
* Removal of extraneous items such as air conditioners, pipe work, ducting, wiring, antennae, aerials etc, and making good.
* Installation or repair of damp-proofing by either injection method or grouted pocket method.
* Repair or replacement of boundary fences and gates with similar.
* Erection of small, plain (not “period”) outbuildings including sheds, aviaries, kennels, poultry sheds and the like provided that they are not visible from the front garden and provided that no new outbuilding is larger than 10 square metres in floor area or higher than 2.4 metres in height or closer to the registered buildings than 3.0 metres.
* Regular garden maintenance.
* Installation, removal or replacement of garden watering systems, provided the installation or replacement of the watering system/s do/does not cause short or long term moisture problems to the building.
* Laying, removal or replacement of paving in the rear gardens and the courtyards.
* Repair, removal or replacement of existing garden structures.
* Minor repairs and maintenance which replace like with like.
* Painting of previously painted walls and ceilings provided that preparation or painting does not remove evidence of the original paint or other decorative scheme.
* Removal of paint from originally unpainted or oiled joinery, doors, architraves, skirtings and decorative strapping.
* Repair of plasterwork provided that all new work matches good adjacent work in style, detail and finish.
* Installation, removal or replacement of carpets and/or flexible floor coverings, eg vinyl.
* Installation, removal or replacement of curtain track, rods, blinds and other window dressings.
* Installation, removal or replacement of hooks, nails and other devices for the hanging of mirrors, paintings and other wall mounted artworks.
* Refurbishment of bathrooms, toilets and or en suites including removal, installation or replacement of sanitary fixtures and associated piping, mirrors, wall and floor coverings.
* Installation, removal or replacement of kitchen benches and fixtures including sinks, stoves, ovens, refrigerators, dishwashers etc and associated plumbing and wiring.
* Installation, removal or replacement of ducted, hydronic or concealed radiant type heating provided that the installation does not damage existing skirtings and architraves and provided that the location of the heating unit is concealed from view.
* Installation, removal or replacement of electrical wiring provided that all new wiring is fully concealed and any original light switches, pull cords, push buttons or power outlets are retained in-situ. Note: if wiring original to the place was carried in timber conduits then the conduits should remain in-situ.
* Installation, removal or replacement of bulk insulation in the roof space.
* Installation, removal or replacements of smoke detectors.
FORMER SHOP & RESIDENCE - Permit Exemption PolicyPermit exemptions are given below which do not affect the overall significance of the structure or historic place. The exemptions generally are for maintenance and minor works to the buildings.
PORT MELBOURNE COURT HOUSE, POLICE STATION AND LOCK-UPVictorian Heritage Register H1318
FORMER SWALLOW & ARIELL BISCUIT FACTORYVictorian Heritage Register H0567
JUBILEE TERRACEVictorian Heritage Register H1829