The Avenue of Honour, Woodend is an extensive oak avenue of 221 trees comprising English oaks (Quercus robur), Algerian oaks (Quercus canariensis) and oak hybrids Quercus canariensis x Q. robur planted on both sides of the road along a stretch of High Street, 2.5 kilometres in length starting near Clarkes Lane and extending south to Woodend. All trees once had memorial plaques to those who served in World War I but they are now in storage in Woodend. The trees were planted by the local community with each tree planted representing an enlisted soldier from the Woodend area. The opening ceremony for the Avenue was held on 14 September 1918.
How is it significant?
The Avenue of Honour, Woodend is of historical, social and aesthetic significance to the State of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
The Avenue of Honour, Woodend is of historical significance for exemplifying rural Victoria's reaction to World War I. It is representative of plantings that first appeared in Australia during World War I commemorating all those who enlisted for service in an egalitarian form where each individual, regardless of rank, was equally recognised for their service. It is one of only a small number of avenues in Victoria to use English Oaks.
The Avenue of Honour, Woodend is of aesthetic significance as a distinctive commemorative planting and a living memorial in the town of Woodend. It is an impressive visual and cultural landmark at the northern entrance to the town and a key landscape feature of the district.
The Avenue of Honour, Woodend is of social significance for its relationship with the community as a memorial to those who served in World War I and for its continuing commemorative importance. The Avenue of Honour, Woodend remains as an indication of the involvement of Victoria's small communities in commemorating the sacrifices of their volunteers, along with the loss and sorrow experienced in small rural areas like Woodend.
General Conditions: 1. All exempted alterations are to be planned and carried out in a manner which prevents damage to the fabric of the registered place or object.General Conditions: 2. Should it become apparent during further inspection or the carrying out of works that original or previously hidden or inaccessible details of the place or object are revealed which relate to the significance of the place or object, then the exemption covering such works shall cease and Heritage Victoria shall be notified as soon as possible. Note: All archaeological places have the potential to contain significant sub-surface artefacts and other remains. In most cases it will be necessary to obtain approval from the Executive Director, Heritage Victoria before the undertaking any works that have a significant sub-surface component.General Conditions: 3. If there is a conservation policy and plan endorsed by the Executive Director, all works shall be in accordance with it. Note: The existence of a Conservation Management Plan or a Heritage Action Plan endorsed by the Executive Director, Heritage Victoria provides guidance for the management of the heritage values associated with the site. It may not be necessary to obtain a heritage permit for certain works specified in the management plan.General Conditions: 4. Nothing in this determination prevents the Executive Director from amending or rescinding all or any of the permit exemptions.General Conditions: 5. Nothing in this determination exempts owners or their agents from the responsibility to seek relevant planning or building permits from the responsible authorities where applicable.Minor Works : Note: Any Minor Works that in the opinion of the Executive Director will not adversely affect the heritage significance of the place may be exempt from the permit requirements of the Heritage Act. A person proposing to undertake minor works may submit a proposal to the Executive Director. If the Executive Director is satisfied that the proposed works will not adversely affect the heritage values of the site, the applicant may be exempted from the requirement to obtain a heritage permit. If an applicant is uncertain whether a heritage permit is required, it is recommended that the permits co-ordinator be contacted.
Management and maintenance of trees including formative and remedial pruning, removal of deadwood, pest and disease control, cabling, mowing, weed control and mulching.
In the event of the loss of an Oak, replanting with the same tree species and hybrid.
Removal of tree seedlings and suckers, and oak seedlings, but excluding herbicide use.
Road works that occur at a distance greater than the canopy edge of the oak tree.
Management of trees in accordance with Australian Standard; Pruning of Amenity Trees AS 4373.
Removal of plants listed as noxious weeds in the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994.
Works associated with any of the following services : water, gas, power, sewer or similar, that occur more than 5m from the canopy edge. Works that occur within the 5m Tree Protection Zone will require an aborist report and approval from Heritage Victoria.
The purpose of the exemptions is to allow works that do not affect the cultural heritage significance of the place.
The cultural heritage significance of the Avenue of Honour, Woodend is primarily as an intact commemorative planting which symbolises the response of a rural community to World War I. The significance of the Avenue of Honour lies in the uniform planting of the oaks.
Removal of any of the name plaques would be subject to permit application. Any restoration or repairs to the plaques should be carried out by a qualified conservator and only after consultation with Heritage Victoria.