Statement of Significance
What is significant?
The split level open plan Solar House was designed by Cocks and Carmichael, architects, for Landmark Solar Houses Pty Ltd, and constructed by that company for display purposes in 1978-79. (The Solar House is one of a group of three different energy conservation houses designed by prominent architects for Landmark's Rosco Drive display village). The Solar House's ducted central heating system and solar powered hot water system (now removed) was designed by Bill Charters, the 1979 President of the International Solar Energy Society. The central heating system comprises roof-mounted solar air collectors, a 4.3m3 bluestone screening thermal storage rock pile located behind and connected to the central open fireplace, and a duct distribution system. Electric booster elements in the ducts can be used when required to supplement the warm air coming from the rock pile. Other energy conservation features include carefully designed orientation and zoning of internal spaces, north facing glazing, sun protection, thermal mass, insulation and selected screen plantings surrounding the building. The house won the 1979 Herald-Housing Industry Association Award, Royal Australian Institute of Architects citations for new housing and energy efficient buildings (1980), and first prize in the 1980 Gas & Fuel Corporation Energy Management Awards.
How is it significant?
The Solar House is of historic, technical and architectural importance to the State of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
The Solar House is historically important as the manifestation of a realisation which emerged during the 1970s that the supply of fossil fuels was exhaustible, that energy conservation was desirable, and that alternative sources of energy, such as the sun, could be commercially viable for heating residential buildings.
The Solar House is technically and architecturally important as the first commercially available solar energy project house in Australia. The integrated building and equipment system was designed to provide approximately 60 percent of the annual heating requirements for the house built in Melbourne - a percentage recognised as the optimum economic level for solar contribution. The Solar House is architecturally important for its innovative energy conservation design characteristics, and is a refined and elegant example of the residential work of Cocks and Carmichael, architects. It is also an important early example of the work of Landmark Solar Houses Pty Ltd, a company dedicated to the design construction and marketing of project houses that had an emphasis on energy conservation through active and passive solar energy systems.
SOLAR HOUSE - Permit ExemptionsEXEMPTIONS FROM PERMITS:
(Classes of works or activities which may be undertaken without a permit under
Part 4 of the Heritage Act 1995)
INTERIOR DECORATIVE SCHEMES
Interior painting and wall-papering to walls and ceilings, provided the
preparation work does not remove evidence of the building's original paint or
other decorative scheme.
Removal of existing carpets and flexible floor coverings eg vinyl. and
installation of new carpets and flexible floor coverings. Installation of
curtain tracks, rods, blinds and other window dressings.
REFURBISHMENT OF BATHROOMS, TOILETS, KITCHENS
Refurbishment of bathroom /toilet / ensuites including removal of existing
sanitary fixtures and associated piping, mirrors, and wall and floor
coverings, and installation of new fixtures, and wall and floor coverings.
Removal of existing kitchen benches and fixtures (stoves, dishwashers etc.)
and floor coverings and installation of new kitchen benches and fixtures,
including associated plumbing and wiring.
Re-wiring provided that all new wiring is fully concealed.
HANGING OF PAINTINGS, MIRRORS, AND OTHER WALL-MOUNTED ART WORK
Installation of hooks, nails and other devices for the hanging of paintings,
mirrors, and other wall-mounted works of art.
INSTALLATION OF SMOKE DETECTORS
Installation of smoke detectors.
Erection of small outbuildings including sheds, aviaries, kennels, poultry
sheds and the like, with the exception of "period " style gazebos, at the rear
of the registered building provided that the outbuilding is no larger than 10
m2 in floor area and no higher than 2400mm high.
Installation of a swimming pool and associated pool fencing to the rear of the
Gardening or planting works.
Installation of watering systems.
PATHS, DRIVEWAYS/CARPARKING, PAVED AREAS
Laying of brick or stone flag paving, gravel, bitumen, or concrete paths and
ANZ Bank, 202 cnr Lydiard Street and Sturt Street, BallaratBallarat City HO114
BRAEMAR HOUSEVictorian Heritage Register H2003