Murchison Prisoner of War (POW) Camp including all above ground and subsurface features, deposits and artefacts and plantings.
HOW IS IT SIGNIFICANT?
The Murchison POW Camp is of historical and archaeological significance to the State of Victoria. It satisfies the following criterion for inclusion in the Victorian Heritage Register.
Importance to the course, or pattern, of Victoria's cultural history.
Possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Victoria's cultural history.
Potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Victoria's cultural history.
WHY IS IT SIGNIFICANT?
Murchison POW Camp is significant at the State level for the following reasons:
Murchison POW Camp is historically significant as the primary POW facility located in Victoria during the Second World War. The camp was established in 1941 and held some 2,000 Italian, 1,300 German and 185 Japanese prisoners captured during the conflict. The Murchison POW Camp demonstrates the strong commitment by the Australian government to upholding the rules of the Geneva Conventions. The Camp is associated with significant Second World War events, including the sinking of the HMAS Sydney by the German Raider Kormoran, the North African campaign, and the Japanese escape from Cowra in NSW. [Criterion A]
Murchison POW Camp is uncommon, being one of a small number of facilities established to detain Prisoners of War in Victoria during the Second World War. [Criterion B]
Murchison POW Camp is significant for its potential to contain archaeological remains, features and deposits relating to the operation of the camp. Valuable information is likely to be yielded about the lives of the prisoners and their guards; construction and phases of the buildings; and the operations of the camp. [Criterion C]