What is significant? The property at 400-402 Burnley Street, Richmond, dates from 1912, and comprises a pair of two storied Federation red brick shops with combined residences. No. 402 is the larger of the two, with both building components matching in terms of design. The buildings have transverse gable roof forms, and rear roof pitches concealed by brick parapet walls to form asymmetrical side gables. On the east facade to Burnley Street, both buildings are walled in exposed face brick with two oriel gabled bays to the first floors. The bays and the transverse gable roofs are clad in terracotta tiles; the expressed central and side walls are topped by stepped moulded brackets with orbs; and the gables to the bays are half-timbered with roughcast stucco, crown four-light bay windows, and have apron panels clad in roughcast stucco. The ground floor shopfronts are also original or early.
How is it significant? The property at 400-402 Burnley Street, Richmond, is of local historical and aesthetic/architectural significance.
Why is it significant? The property at 400-402 Burnley Street, Richmond, dates from 1912, and is of local historical significance. It is associated with the later development of eastern Richmond, in an area of Burnley Street, near the junction with Swan Street, which had developed by the early twentieth century into an established retail precinct.
The property is also of local aesthetic/architectural significance. It is a well preserved and substantially externally intact example of a Federation two-storey combined residence and shop, in exposed face brick. It is distinguished by the transverse gable roof form, the prominent oriel gabled bays to the first floors, the substantially intact ground floor shopfronts, and the asymmetrical side gable evident on the south elevation which was increasingly common in early twentieth century shop design. Other elements of note include the roof decoration, brackets with orbs, half-timbered gables to the oriel bays, and the oriel apron panels clad in roughcast stucco.