What is significant?
The Cape Nelson Lightstation was constructed in 1882-84 as part of the third campaign of lighthouse building in Victoria which also resulted in lights at Cliffy Island, Point Hicks and Split Point (Aireys Inlet). The light tower, quarters and workshop/stables are of locally quarried bluestone to the design of Public Works Department architect Frederick Hynes and were constructed by J Horne and Co for £11,552 . Since its construction the lightstation has been the main landfall light for vessels approaching Victoria from the west. Apart from minor modifications to the buildings, including the conversion of the duplex assistants? quarters into one residence, the lightstation is the most intact in Victoria in terms of its original planning. The octagonal signal station with its complete set of signal flags and brass telescope are unusual features.
How is it significant?
The Cape Nelson Lightstation is of historical, social, architectural and scientific importance to the State of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
The Cape Nelson Lightstation is historically and socially important as an intact lightstation complex from the 1880s. The windswept location with its protective stone walls is a poignant reminder of the remote lifestyle of lightkeepers until comparatively recent times.
The Cape Nelson Lightstation is architecturally and scientifically (technologically) important as the most intact complex of lightstation buildings in Victoria. The octagonal timber signal station is a unique feature which is all the more important for its complete set of signal flags and its 19th century brass telescope.