Statement of Significance
Prince Albert Hotel, designed by Sydney Smith and Ogg for the Carlton & United Brewery Company was built in 1915-16 to replace an earlier timber structure. The hotel, in the Federation Free Style, is a two-storeyed red brick and stucco building with a slate roof. At the corner, two oriel windows with conical roofs flank an unusual circular-shaped covered balcony. The facades are decorated with tall-arched motifs, stylised cement plant motifs in the pilaster capitals, label moulds to the window arches and heavy banding of the chimney cornices.
How is it significant?
Prince Albert Hotel has architectural and historical significance to the state of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
Prince Albert Hotel is architecturally significant as a highly original and distinctive example of a late Federation Free Style hotel. The picturesque, sweeping corner with its pair of oriel windows topped by conical roofs flanking a covered balcony is unusual and gives the building a medieval flavour. This treatment is a variant on the Sydney Smith & Ogg corner tower motif found in many of their hotels including the Bendigo Hotel, Collingwood and the Kilkenny Inn, Melbourne. The exterior is a largely intact example of a Federation hotel.
The Prince Albert Hotel has architectural and historical significance for its associations with the architects Sydney Smith and Ogg who were one of the most significant architectural practices in Melbourne, particularly with the many hotels they designed for the Carlton & United Brewery Company. The hotel also has associations with notable architect and educator Robert Haddon, who worked as design consultant to Sydney Smith and Ogg. It is similar to a country hotel illustrated in Haddon's Australian Architecture called 'A hotel upon a corner site' which has a corner bar entry surmounted by an oriel tower.
The Prince Albert Hotel, built by a major brewery to replace an earlier structure, has historical significance as a reminder of the far reaching influence of the Licenses Reduction Board set up in 1906. Many hotels were closed or substantially altered or extended during this period so as to meet the requirements of the Licenses Reduction Board. Many publicans were financially unable to improve their facilities and this led to an increasing hotel ownership by major breweries.
PRINCE ALBERT HOTEL - HistoryContextual History:
The 1890s depression meant that few hotels were built in the period 1892-1906. However a radical new style emerged in the following decades: the Federation Free Style, exemplified in the work of Sydney Smith and Ogg for the Carlton & United breweries. This style used red brick, render detailing evocative of Elizabethan strap-work, corner towers rising from oriel windows topped with ogee or conical roofs, and broad eaves rather than parapets. Other features used include small paned fixed sashes, curved architraves about entrances and dados of glazed terracotta tiles. Large bar windows became more acceptable. Robert Haddon, the notable architect and educator, worked with Sydney Smith and Ogg in 1912 as a design consultant. (Raworth & Gray 1992, p.88)
History of Place:
The present Prince Albert Hotel, designed by Sydney Smith and Ogg for the Carlton Brewery Company was built in 1915-16 to replace an earlier timber structure. The licensee for the original Prince Albert Hotel was Agnes Fitzpatrick who continued in this role after the brewery company took over the hotel. She eventually bought the property and remained there until her death in the 1960s. (Butler 1993, p.58)
PRINCE ALBERT HOTEL - Assessment Against Criteria
The historical importance, association with or relationship to Victoria's history of the place or object.
The Prince Albert Hotel has historical associations with the architects Sydney Smith and Ogg and with notable architect and educator Robert Haddon, who worked as design consultant to Sydney Smith and Ogg in 1912. It is similar to a country hotel illustrated in Haddon's Australian Architecture called "A hotel upon a corner site" which has a corner bar entry surmounted by an oriel tower.
The importance of a place or object in demonstrating rarity or uniqueness.
The place or object's potential to educate, illustrate or provide further scientific investigation in relation to Victoria's cultural heritage.
The importance of a place or object in exhibiting the principal characteristics or the representative nature of a place or object as part of a class or type of places or objects.
The importance of the place or object in exhibiting good design or aesthetic characteristics and/or in exhibiting a richness, diversity or unusual integration of features.
Prince Albert Hotel is a highly original and distinctive example of a late Federation corner hotel. The corner treatment with its pair of roofed oriel windows flanking a covered balcony is unusual and gives the building a medieval flavour. The hotel is a highly externally intact example of a Federation hotel.
The importance of the place or object in demonstrating or being associated with scientific or technical innovations or achievements.
The importance of the place or object in demonstrating social or cultural associations.
Any other matter which the Council considers relevant to the determination of cultural heritage significance
PRINCE ALBERT HOTEL - Permit ExemptionsGeneral Conditions:
1. All exempted alterations are to be planned and carried out in a manner which prevents damage to the fabric of the registered place or object.
2. Should it become apparent during further inspection or the carrying out of alterations that original or previously hidden or inaccessible details of the place or object are revealed which relate to the significance of the place or object, then the exemption covering such alteration shall cease and the Executive Director shall be notified as soon as possible.
3. If there is a conservation policy and plan approved by the Executive Director, all works shall be in accordance with it.
4. Nothing in this declaration prevents the Executive Director from amending or rescinding all or any of the permit exemptions.
5. Nothing in this declaration exempts owners or their agents from the responsibility to seek relevant planning or building permits from the responsible authority where applicable.
* Minor repairs and maintenance which replace like with like.
* Removal of extraneous items such as air conditioners, pipe work, ducting, wiring, signage, antennae, aerials etc, and making good.
* Installation or repair of damp-proofing by either injection method or grouted pocket method.
* Painting of previously painted surfaces provided that preparation or painting does not remove evidence of the original paint or other decorative scheme.
* All interior alterations, excluding works to the pressed metal ceilings and alterations to the staircase, provided such work has no effect on the exterior of the building.
PRINCE ALBERT HOTEL - Permit Exemption PolicyThe purpose of the permit exemptions is to allow works that do not impact on the significance of the place to occur without the need for a permit. The exterior of the building is an integral element of the significance of the place. Alterations which impact on the significance of the exterior should be subject to permit applications. The interior of the hotel has been extensively altered although some original features are retained, including pressed metal ceilings and staircase. Alterations to the interior of the hotel, excluding works to the pressed metal ceilings and staircase, are permit exempt, providing they do not impact on the significance of the exterior.