What is significant? Nos 407-411 Johnston Street, Abbotsford comprises two main building components. Nos 407-409 was constructed in 1910, and is an exposed brick double-storey Federation terrace comprising two large dwellings, with wing walls and a double-height verandah. The dwellings have hipped roof forms clad in galvanised corrugated steel, punctuated by two half-timbered corbelled gables facing Johnston Street. The facade walls have flat-faced string courses; front doors with round arches either side of a central wing wall; and a five-light canted bay to the ground floor facade. The upper verandah frieze and first floor balustrade to no. 407 is missing; the ground floor verandah frieze to no. 407, and the balustrade and friezes to no. 409 are original and have an Art Nouveau pattern. Both terraces have substantial bluestone footings, bluestone front steps, and what appear to be original iron palisade fences to the ground floor verandahs. No. 411 Johnston Street was constructed in the 1930s and is a double-storey rendered brick apartment building with a symmetrical presentation to Johnston Street, two downstairs shops and a terracotta tiled roof with a transverse hip. The main entry to the flats is located centrally in the Johnston Street facade; the shops are positioned to each side of this doorway and have substantially original shopfronts including an upper zigzagging Art Deco fan light panel or transparent frieze. The recessed balconies to the upper level are Art Deco in their detailing, although with short turned Doric columns flanking each balcony. Behind the main transverse gable hip is a flat roofed deck over the southern portion of the building, accessed by an external stair to the rear of the property.
How is it significant? The properties at 407-409 and 411 Johnston Street, Abbotsford, are of local historical and aesthetic/architectural significance.
Why is it significant? The properties at 407-409 and 411 Johnston Street, Abbotsford, are of local historical significance. The two-storey Federation brick residences at nos 407-409 Johnston Street, constructed in c.1910, are associated with later residential development at the east end of the street, coming some years after the consolidation of Johnston Street further west. Their substantial size also points to the historical desirability of larger dwellings on main road frontages. The adjoining interwar development, comprising the 1930s combined apartment and shops building at 411 Johnston Street, replaced an earlier commercial building. Interwar flat blocks are unusual in the City of Yarra context; the construction during the Depression years is also of note, given the particularly difficult economic conditions that prevailed in Abbotsford and Collingwood at the time. The properties at 407-409 and 411 Johnston Street, Abbotsford, are of local aesthetic/architectural significance, marked by their relative external intactness and their comparative rarity in the City of Yarra. The 1910 building at nos 407-9 Johnston Street is a fine example of a large Federation terrace, with skillfully designed and executed Federation detailing. The double-height verandah friezes and balustrades have a distinctive Art Nouveau pattern; the elevated entries with recessed doors beneath rounded arches, bluestone footings, and wing walls are also strong elements which further distinguish the terrace in Johnston Street. While nineteenth and early twentieth century double-storey combined shops and residences are ubiquitous on main roads in the City of Yarra, the interwar example at no. 411 Johnston Street is a rarer building type. Such buildings are more common in bayside suburbs and areas south of the Yarra River, but its construction in Abbotsford distinguishes the building. The symmetrical presentation to Johnston Street, including the recessed balconies as counterpoint to the original shopfronts, is of note, as are the Art Deco shopfront friezes which are uncommonly well-preserved. The properties at 407-409 and 411 Johnston Street, Abbotsford, are comparatively rare building types in the City of Yarra. The 1910 Federation terrace is unusual as a later substantial terrace development in the municipality, which is more commonly known for its nineteenth and early twentieth century terrace housing. It was also built at a time when fewer terraces, as a housing type, were being designed and constructed. The interwar combined apartment and shops building at 411 Johnston Street is also a rare building type in Yarra. While nineteenth and early twentieth century double-storey combined shops and residences are ubiquitous, substantial interwar examples, including this building which is more in the way of a flat block, are not.