Former Primary School No. 2365, Carlton, was designed by the Chief Architect of the Education Department Architecture Branch Henry Bastow and constructed in 1880-81. It was built by contractor William Radden at a cost of 4079 pounds. It was opened on 1 March 1881. The former Primary School No. 2365 building is a two storeyed brick structure with cream face brick and stucco dressings on a bluestone plinth. Windows are multi-pane sashes set in pointed arch openings, those on the first floor front having dividing capitals. The roof is slate with ventilators; originally the roof also had finials and cresting. The building is centrally massed as an asymmetrical rectangular block running across the site, with a projecting central section. Separate entrances for boys and girls survive on either side of the main block. There is a polygonal bay office in the south-east front corner. In the centre of the facade is a pair of lancet windows surmounted by an oculi and all set within a lancet frame set beneath a raised gable. A Venetian Gothic effect is given by the polychromatic patterned brickwork immediately beneath the eaves and by the balustrade above constructed of stone and white bricks.
How is it significant?
Former Primary School No. 2365 is of architectural and social significance to the State of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
Former Primary School No. 2365 is architecturally significant as a highly intact example of school design by the Education Department Architecture Branch in the early 1880s. The building has undergone few structural alterations unlike most continuously used nineteenth century school buildings which have generally had substantial changes made including replacement windows to provide better lighting. Former Primary School No. 2365 is of special interest as a rare surviving example demonstrating separate entrances for boys and girls. It demonstrates the second phase of State school building in late 1870s and early 1880s away from excessively large classrooms to a more compact style on two storeys suited to limited urban sites.
Former Primary School No. 2365 is historically significant as evidence of the character of educational provision in working class Melbourne. From 1911 the Education Department embarked on a program to improve the lighting of its schools by altering inadequate windows. This school was one of the very few schools in the State to have been overlooked in this program, Primary School Nos. 2084 and 2798 in Richmond being other examples. The failure to improve the situation in this school suggests the relatively poor consideration given to schools in Melbourne's inner suburbs as their economic status declined in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
History of Place:
In 1877 a site of 1 rood and 20 perches and a frontage of 82ft to Queensbury Street was purchased for 2,200 pounds. A four room brick cottage on the site was also purchased for 100 pounds. The new brick building, accomodating 587 pupils opened on March 1st 1881. From September 1882 until December 1904 Queensbury Street school was worked as an adjunct to Rathdown Street School, no.2605. In 1884 the head teacher complained of air pollution from smoke from nearby factories.
The school was sewered in 1903. In 1922 the two large upstairs rooms were partitioned. In 1931 classes for unemployed girls were given one day per week. The school closed in January 1932 after the numbers of enrolled children steadily declined.
FORMER PRIMARY SCHOOL NO. 2365 - Permit Exemptions
General Exemptions:General exemptions apply to all places and objects included in the Victorian Heritage Register (VHR). General exemptions have been designed to allow everyday activities, maintenance and changes to your property, which don’t harm its cultural heritage significance, to proceed without the need to obtain approvals under the Heritage Act 2017.Specific exemptions may also apply to your registered place or object. If applicable, these are listed below. Specific exemptions are tailored to the conservation and management needs of an individual registered place or object and set out works and activities that are exempt from the requirements of a permit. Specific exemptions prevail if they conflict with general exemptions. Find out more about heritage permit exemptions here.