Statement of Significance
What is significant?
The row of shops at 68-74 Piper Street was constructed in the 1850s. The style of construction is a restrained Victorian Classicism and although constructed over a period of, perhaps ten years, they make a pleasing terrace. The top storey entablature providing a unifying note across 68 to 72 Piper Street, the windows on the top storeys, except for 70 Piper Street, are round arched.
The corner shop at 68 was purchased for £850 in 1860 for Francis and Perkins, Chemists, who had occupied the former single storey timber shop and residence on this site. The 1860s building is of brick construction, the shop continued to trade as a chemist until the 20th Century.
The shop at 70 Piper Street was built for Samuel Atwood before 1859. The Dowling Brothers' draper store was there by 1858, but the site had a number of owners/tenants and had a time as both a grocer and stationer as did 72 Piper Street, next door. The work on the top storey of 70 Piper is more elaborate than the shops either side The cast iron balcony on No.70 is unusual both for its form and survival, it appears to be original, the door onto the balcony has a pediment and the windows are rectangular rather than arched.
The shop at 72 Piper Street, on land also owned by Atwood were originally one storey and constructed in 1858 to a design by James Blakely, the brick second storey was added some time later.
Dobinson's Hall of Commerce, at No.74 Piper Street was built in 1859 to a design by William Douglas (who was also working on the Kyneton Hospital at this time). Dobinson's, a firm of drapers located elsewhere in Kyneton, moved in early 1860. This shop appears to be purpose built, its largely intact interior spaces were expressly created for a drapers store with plenty of natural light through the upstairs and ground floor windows. Originally there was a 2 storey void or atrium at the front of the shop, but this has since been infilled. The first storey front windows are particularly notable for their size and their ingenious single pivoting opening. The stone work used at both 70 and 74 were from one of the local quarries.
How is it significant?
The Shops at 68-74 Piper Street are architecturally and historically significant to the state of Victoria.
Why is it significant?
The shops are early (late 1850s) survivors of a 'row' or 'suite' of two storey shops. Although common in the city and inner city, for example the Crossley Buildings in Bourke Street (H435) or the many later examples such as the Emerald Hill Precinct H1136, there are few 19th century survivors in the regional towns.
The shops are of architectural significance as rare survivors of a type of building. The shops are important as purpose built retail shops and the architectural features that express this, particularly the large ground floor display windows and the solid brick and stone construction. It is interesting to note that they also still function as retail spaces, although this was not true of their role throughout the 20th century.
SHOPS - Assessment Against Criteria
a. The historical importance, association with or relationship to Victoria's history of the place or object
This row of shops are of historic importance as a rare intact building type
b. The importance of a place or object in demonstrating rarity or uniqueness
This row of shops are rare country town survivors of a particular building type
c. The place or object's potential to educate, illustrate or provide further scientific investigation in relation to Victoria's cultural heritage
d. The importance of a place or object in exhibiting the principal characteristics or the representative nature of a place or object as part of a class or type of places or objects
As a rare surviving building type these shops are representative of a once common building type. The retention in particular of the facades demonstrate a degree of integrity that is increasingly rare.
e. The importance of the place or object in exhibiting good design or aesthetic characteristics and/or in exhibiting a richness, diversity or unusual integration of features
f. The importance of the place or object in demonstrating or being associated with scientific or technical innovations or achievements
g. The importance of the place or object in demonstrating social or cultural associations
h. Any other matter which the Council deems relevant to the determination of cultural heritage significance
SHOPS - Permit ExemptionsGeneral Conditions: 1. All exempted alterations are to be planned and carried out in a manner which prevents damage to the fabric of the registered place or object. General Conditions: 2. Should it become apparent during further inspection or the carrying out of alterations that original or previously hidden or inaccessible details of the place or object are revealed which relate to the significance of the place or object, then the exemption covering such alteration shall cease and the Executive Director shall be notified as soon as possible. General Conditions: 3. If there is a conservation policy and plan approved by the Executive Director, all works shall be in accordance with it. General Conditions: 4. Nothing in this declaration prevents the Executive Director from amending or rescinding all or any of the permit exemptions. General Conditions: 5. Nothing in this declaration exempts owners or their agents from the responsibility to seek relevant planning or building permits from the responsible authority where applicable.
*Minor repairs and maintenance that replace like with like
*Removal of extraneous items such as air conditioners, pipe work, ducting, wiring, antennae, aerials etc. and making good.
*Installation or repair of damp-proofing
*Minor repairs and maintenance which replace like with like.
*Installation, removal or replacement of carpets and/or flexible floor coverings.
*Refurbishment of toilets/kitchens inlcuding removal, installation of sanitary fixtures and associated mirrors, wall and floor coverings.
*Installation, removal or replacement of electrical wiring provided that all new wiring is fully concealed and any original light switches, pull cords, push buttons or power outlets are retained in-situ.
*Installation, removal or replacement of bulk installation in the roof space.
*Installation, removal or replacement of smoke detectors.
SHOPS - Permit Exemption Policy
The purpose of the permit exemptions is to allow works that do not impact on the significance of the heritage place to occur without the need for a permit. Alterations that impact on the significant built fabric of the exterior are subject to permit applications. The significance of this terrace of shops is in the facades. Work on changing the facades particularly the windows and doors and any closing up or opening out of the facade are subject to a permit application.
KYNETON COURT HOUSEVictorian Heritage Register H1472
FORMER BANK OF NSWVictorian Heritage Register H0308
KYNETON DISTRICT HOSPITALVictorian Heritage Register H1684
"AMF Officers" ShedMoorabool Shire
"AQUA PROFONDA" SIGN, FITZROY POOLVictorian Heritage Register H1687