What is significant? No. 319 Swan Street, Richmond, was constructed in 1889 as a two storey corner shop and residence. The building is rectangular in plan form with a chamfered corner entry and a hipped roof clad in galvanized corrugated steel, with two stuccoed chimneys with cornices. The first floor is largely externally intact, with original detailing including moulded stringcourses, double-hung sashes with stilted segmental arches, and moulded architraves with accentuated keystones. Other details include half-fluted pilasters (piers) which support a dentilled entablature and above that a continuous bracketed cornice and parapet with waisted balustrading. The chamfered corner is capped with a triangular pediment on two broad piers, enclosing a cartouche panel and topped by an orb finial. At ground level, the shop front has been altered. The rear portion of 319 Swan Street, facing Lord Street, is largely externally intact, albeit more simply detailed than the corner shop component. Beyond this wing is an adjoining contemporary development which is not of heritage significance.
How is it significant? No. 319 Swan Street, Richmond, is of local historical and aesthetic/architectural significance.
Why is it significant? No. 319 Swan Street is of local historical significance, as a combined shop and residence constructed in 1889 for James Davison, a baker. At that time commercial development was being consolidating in Swan Street; the 1880s date is also consistent with the core period of commercial building construction in the street. Unusually, the bakery operation in the building was sustained until the mid-1970s.
No. 319 Swan Street is also of local aesthetic/architectural significance. While the building is broadly consistent with many nineteenth century two-storey shop and house combinations in inner suburban main road locations, it is distinguished by the complexity and vigour of the first floor elevations in particular, and the reasonably intact side elevation to Lord Street. The segmentally arched first floor windows are usual in terraced shops, enlivened here by the Corinthian pilasters with cornice breakfronts above. The parapet and corner pediment, with baluster waisting, dentil mouldings and bracketing, are also largely intact. The chamfered corner enhances the streetscape presentation.