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Victorian Heritage Register
State significant places/objects
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Last updated on - January 1, 1900
WHAT IS SIGNIFICANT?
Shortlands Bluff including all of the landscape elements, navigational aids and defence bunkers.
HOW IS IT SIGNIFICANT
Shortlands Bluff is of historical significance to the State of Victoria. It satisfies the following criterion
for inclusion in the Victorian Heritage Register:
Importance to the course, or pattern, of Victoria's cultural history.
Possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Victoria's cultural history.
Importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of cultural places and objects.
Shortlands Bluff is significant at the State level for the following reasons:
Shortlands Bluff is historically significant for its association with maritime navigation since the 1840s.
The construction of maritime navigational aids at Shortlands Bluff assisted in the safe passage of
vessels into Port Phillip Bay. This was critical for the establishment of Melbourne and the
development of Victoria, particularly following the discovery of gold in 1850. [Criterion A]
Shortlands Bluff is also historically significant for its association with defence from the 1860s until
the end of World War II. Defence emplacements were initially prompted by the discovery of gold in
1850 and the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853. Additional emplacements and searchlight
bunkers were constructed from the late nineteenth century until the end of World War II. [Criterion
Shortlands Bluff contains uncommon elements associated with maritime navigation and defence.
The White and Black Lighthouses are an uncommon example of lighthouses which were designed
and constructed as a pair. The concrete bunker of the see?]saw searchlight is evidence of the only
known example of this type of searchlight in Victoria and one of only four known examples worldwide.
Shortlands Bluff is significant for containing notable examples of elements representing the classes
of maritime navigation and defence. It was the location of some of the earliest maritime navigational
aids and defence emplacements in Victoria. The land formation and location of the place was critical
to the development of Victoria through its ability to provide safe navigational guidance for maritime
vessels entering Port Phillip Bay, and as one of the places in a strategic network around Port Phillip
Bay from which to defend Victoria in the event of seaborne attack. [Criterion D]
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