Elizabeth House, a two-storey Italianate mansion with service wing (interiors and exteriors), and brick walls to the property boundary.
How is it significant?
Criterion A: Importance to the course, or pattern, of Victoria's cultural history.
Criterion D: Importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of cultural places and objects.
Why is it significant?
Elizabeth House is of historical significance as a surviving example of early development in East Melbourne, which was one of the earliest desirable mid-nineteenth century residential areas to be developed after Fitzroy, Collingwood and Richmond. Parts of Elizabeth House, and brick walls surrounding the house, date from1855 which make the residence one of the oldest in East Melbourne. (Criterion A)
Elizabeth House is historically significant for its association with prominent Melbourne public servant and banker James Denham Pinnock (c.1810-1875), who served as Member for the Eastern Province in the Victorian Legislative Council, alderman in the Melbourne Town Council, and was director of the Bank of Victoria. (Criterion A)
Elizabeth House is of historical and architectural significance for its association with eminent colonial architect John Gill (c.1796-1866), who designed several important early buildings and residences in Melbourne, Ballarat, Castlemaine and Geelong. (Criterion A)
Elizabeth House demonstrates the principal characteristics of an Italianate style mansion. It is notable for its fine triple-fronted, asymmetrical composition, complex roofline with heavy moulded cornice and balustraded parapet, double-storey verandah with paired columns and cast iron lacework. It is also notable for the retention of its service wing, as well as sections of the brick boundary wall, which date to the 1855 period of construction. (Criterion D)
Elizabeth House is also significant for the retention of its Victorian interiors which date to the place's period of extensive renovation (1887-88). Notable interior features include moulded cornices, skirting and architraves, paneled doors, parquetry and stained-glass windows in the hallways and main reception rooms. (Criterion D)